The Alps1, due to layout, size and geomorphology, are a distinct geological formation in Europe with prevailing influences in the Mediterranean and Central Europe. The mountains pose a natural barrier that in the past, as well as now, influence flows of capital and human resources. The Alps also play a crucial role as a weather generator in the whole of Europe
The Alpine region today is home to 13 million people who speak eight major languages with many dialects and who are divided into eight nations.
Nations: France, Italy, Switzerland, Lichtenstein, Austria, Slovenia, Germany and Monaco
Languages spoken: German, Slovene, French, Italian, Friulian, Ladin, Occitan, Piedmontese and Rhaeto-Romance.